Otoplasty is, a form of ear surgery performed to set disproportionately large or prominent ears closer to the head.
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty that seeks to improve physical function or to minimize disfigurement or scarring resulting from accidents, disease or birth defects. The word plastic is derived from the Greek meaning molding or giving form.
Otoplasty typically is performed to create or restore the center fold to disproportionately large or prominent ears. The extent of the procedure depends on what changes are desired and what your surgeon deems appropriate. On your surgeon’s recommendation, you may be operated on in the surgeon’s office or in an outpatient surgical facility. Otoplasty may be performed under a local anesthetic, which numbs the area around the ears, or under a IV sedation. IV sedation will make you sleep through the entire operation but you will breathe on your own without a breathing tube.
There are several possible surgical approaches to otoplasty. Using a commonly employed technique, the surgeon makes incisions in the back of the ear and removes skin to expose ear cartilage. Then, the surgeon uses sutures to fold the cartilage in on itself to reshape the ear. In some instances, the same result can be achieved without sutures by weakening the cartilage before folding it. The incisions are closed with sutures.
By creating a more pronounced fold in the central portion of the ear, the surgeon brings the ear closer to the head.
Depending on the extent of the surgery, the procedure usually lasts about two hours.